TRUCK SERVICE MANUAL
6. Reduce load and rpm.
2. Use suitable cleaner to remove rust preventive
compound from unpainted surfaces.
7. Accelerate engine to rated rpm, no load (when
3. Refill crankcase with clean lubricating oil. Flush
chassis dynamometer is used shift to a lower gear that
and fill cooling system.
seconds.) Return to idle.
8. Using 0100 scale on opacity meter, zero the
meter and place on exhuast stack(s).
1. When an engine has been stored for six months
or less, it is necessary to adjust injectors, valves and
9. Accelerate to rated rpm, no load, record the
belts, tighten cylinder head capscrews and connections;
"highest" opacity reading. Remove meter.
replace filters and check air filter and screens.
2. When an engine has been stored for six months
Note: When rechecking zero during a test and the
or more, the following procedure should be followed:
readjustment to zero is off by more than two (2) percent
clean lenses on opacity meter before rezeroing the scale.
a. Flush fuel system with clean fuel oil until all
preservative oil is removed.
Federal Tests require averaging five (5) one half (1/2)
b. Remove plug from oil gallery and force hot, light
second smoke peak intervals for lug down tests and
mineral oil through the oil passages to flush away all
fifteen (15) second smoke peak intervals for
revolutions during flushing operation.
Air Pollution Agency for environmental regulations
c. Replace all filters and clean all screens before
covering smoke opacity limits.
engine is started.
d. After inspecting engine and parts, make sure all
Start engine as described in Engine Testing.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE OF SERVICE TOOLS
Smoke Level Check With ST1294 Model 101 B
Celesco Opacity Meter
1. Engine must be at normal oil operating
2. Apply dynamometer load as rpm is increased;
(shift to direct drive gear when chassis dynamometer is
used) until rated rpm and H.P. is reached and load is
stabilized. Refer to Table 1414.
3. Using 020 scale on opacity meter zero the meter
and place on exhaust stack(s); record readings.
Remove meter after readings are completed.
Note: An accurate smoke reading can usually be
obtained in ten to fifteen seconds.
4. Increase load until rpm is reduced to 60 percent
of rated rpm.
5. Recheck zero on opacity meter, place on
exhaust stack(s); record readings and remove meter